You are here

News from NIAS

New SUPRAs at NIAS

Sunita Shrestha, MA Student, University of Oslo.

Exploring perceptions, practices and possibilities of safe delivery among women in upper Mugu, Nepal.

I am currently enrolled as a master´s degree student in community health at the University of Oslo.  As being a student of public health, I have a great compassion to work in the fields of international health policy, reproductive health, gender equality, and woman rights.  My current master thesis was carried out in upper Mugu which is one of the remotest areas of Nepal and very few researches have been conducted in the past. This study aims to explore the perceptions, practices, and possibilities of safe delivery among that society which is in the periphery or beyond the reach of functional health institutions. At the same time, its own socio-ecological uniqueness makes it interesting to observe its influences on their childbirth decision making from generation to generation.

Vardan Karki, Ma Student, University of Oslo.

Factors influencing Utilization of Antenatal Care Services in Rural Health Center in Upper Mugu, Western Nepal.

I am a second-year student studying master’s in International Community Health in University of Oslo. Currently, I am working on my master’s project which focuses on various aspects of the socio-cultural context and existing health system regarding maternity services to explore health seeking behavior of the women during pregnancy in rural villages in upper Mugu, Nepal. Recently, I have visited villages in Mugu, Nepal and stayed two months for my data collection. Upper Mugu is one of the most rural area in Nepal lacking basic facilities as transport, electricity and proper education and health services. The area in heavily influenced by Tibetan culture and religion. The women living in these areas have their own perception, traditions and practices during pregnancy and delivery. This study will explore how all these factors have impact on utilization of health services during pregnancy.

NIAS Lunch Talk: The Socialist Tower of Babel in 1950s China

Date: 
Tuesday, November 27, 2018 - 12:30 to 13:30
 
Abstract:

In the 1930s, Chinese Communists brought in the Soviet Union’s campaign of anti-illiteracy and sought to replace Chinese characters with the Latin alphabet. This talk examines the transformation of the Latinization Movement in 1950s China, as the advocates of this movement turned from cultural revolutionaries into state-builders of the People’s Republic of China. It presents the language policy of the PRC in the 1950s in relation to the Soviet Union’s model of language construction, interrogating the ideology of linguistic commonality that was woven into the socialist imaginary for a new people speaking a single language on a world scale. I examine why and how the relation of exchangeability between non-Mandarin varieties of Chinese and non-Han minority languages, which momentarily emerged in the Latinization Movement in the 1930s/1940s, could not be sustained in a different historical era of the 1950s, when the Chinese state aligned linguistic commonality with socialist construction. In doing so, this talk explains how the Latinization Movement, as a non-official mass literacy campaign in the context of interwar internationalism, was curtailed by and coopted into the socialist project of nation-state building in 1950s China.

 

Bio:            
Dr. Lorraine Wong is Lecturer in Chinese Studies at the Department of Languages and Cultures at the University of Otago, New Zealand. She received her BA in English from the University of Hong Kong, MPhil in Sociology from Cambridge University and Ph.D in Comparative Literature from New York University. Her research focuses on modern and contemporary Chinese literature in the global context. She has published in both English and Chinese. Her work appears in Literature Compass, City on the Edge: Hong Kong, China, Boundaries and Borderland, and Journal of Hangzhou Normal University. Her new article, “Threshold Nationhood: Huang Guliu’s The Story of Shrimp-ball, Chinese Latinization, and Topolect Literature” is forthcoming from Modern Chinese Literature and Culture. Another article, “Linguistic Nationalism and its Discontents: Chinese Latinization and its Practice of Equality,” will appear in a book volume, China and Global Modernity, 1784-1919, published by Sydney University Press. Lorraine is working on a book manuscript tentatively entitled Script and Revolution in China’s Long Twentieth Century.

All are welcome. Bring your own lunch!

 

Time: 27 November 12:30-13:30
Venue: NIAS, meeting room 18.1.08, Øster Farimagsgade 5, 1353 Cph

 

 

 

NIAS Post Doc Researcher Lau Blaxekjær in Korea this week

Lau Blaxekjær has been invited to Korea to give two presentations - one for the students at KAIST Graduate School of Green Growth, and one wrap-up keynote at the 5th Annual Seoul Climate-Energy Conference 2018.

In the wrap-up session, Lau Blaxekjær will comment on lessons learned and next steps for P4G, Partnering for Green Growth and the Global Goals: P4G seeks to combine the successes and experiences from the last decade’s (2008-2018) focus on green growth with the new 2030 Agenda’s focus on Sustainable Development Goals. The 4 Gs – Green Growth and the Global Goals – are achieved through Partnerships. But what does this mean?

SDG number 17: “Partnerships for the Goals” contains 19 implementation-focused targets on finance, technology, capacity-building, trade, and systemic issues. The overall aim seems to be to get existing and new partnerships to support developing countries towards sustainable development (within all SDGs). SDG Partnerships are broadly defined as North-South, South-South, and triangular cooperation and as public, public-private and civil society partnerships.

Lau’s presentation will focus on insights from his research on green growth partnerships and will deliver and explain three recommendations for P4G going forward.

  1. P4G partnerships should clearly identify which partner takes on the role of “Internal Governance Unit” and clearly define the terms of reference.
  2. P4G partnerships should include “boundary spanners” or “honest brokers” in all phases of the partnership. Boundary spanners or honest brokers could be from academia.
  3. P4G partnerships should have a clear plan for capacity-building in developing countries, e.g. through inclusion of developing country partners in partnership set-up and implementation and inclusion of on-the-ground work and experiences.

Other speakers include the Korean deputy-minister of Environment, Katherine Richardson, Professor, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen and Thomas Lehmann, Ambassador of Denmark to Republic of Korea.

New SUPRA at NIAS

Mingming Shi, MA Student, University of Iceland

The Role of China in the Greenland Independence Question

Growing up in Southern China, Mingming Shi moved to Iceland and started her career in the Arctic region four years ago. She has worked extensively in the tourism sector in Iceland and is registered as a graduate student in West Nordic Studies at the University of Iceland. Her interest in the Arctic covers Arctic political economy and trans-regional cooperation. In 2017, she spent two months in Nuuk, Greenland, researching on the economic relationship between Greenland and China. Currently, she has been working on her MA thesis on The Role of China in the Greenland Independence Question.

 

New SUPRA's at NIAS

Sasu Katajamäki, MA Student, University of Turku

Voluntary Departure, an Ethnic Expulsion or Profitable Extortion? The “Semi-legal” Departure System of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam During the Vietnamese Refugee Crisis

Description of myself:  I am currently enrolled as a master’s degree student in East Asian studies at the University of Turku. Having interest in questions related to both human migration and authoritarian regimes, my thesis examines the context and policies which surrounded the departure of the Vietnamese refugees after the Vietnam war. It focuses on a system dubbed by researcher Ramses Amer as “Semi-legal” system departure, which was only open for ethnically Chinese Vietnamese. During a time of rapidly worsening Sino-Vietnamese relations ethnically Chinese Vietnamese started to be regarded as the “fifth column” and became a threat to nation-building of Vietnamese society. By examining the extortive system of “semi-legal” departure and the contexts which allowed it to emerge, I intend to link these regional, national and refugee crisis developments together into a cohesive narrative.

Yoko Tanabe, PhD, UCL Institute  of Education

A Comparative Study of Indigenous Education and Language Revitalisation in Japan and Norway

I am a doctoral candidate at the Institute of Education (IOE), University College London. My research interests lie in the area of Indigenous rights, language and education policy, particularly in the context of Japan and Norway. In June 2008, the government of Japan officially recognised the Ainu as an Indigenous people for the first time. In light of the 10th anniversary of this historical recognition, the main part of my doctoral dissertation reflects on the progress and challenges of Japan's Indigenous language revitalisation policy vis-à-vis Norway. In particular, I examine adult Indigenous learners' experiences and motivating factors in learning the Indigenous language(s) at given institutions in Japan and in Norway, respectively.  Drawing on the theory of language revitalisation (Fishman 1991; 2001) and motivation in second-language learning (Gardner & lambert, 1972; Dörnyei & Ushioda, 2009), the research aims to shed more light on motivating factors for Indigenous language revitalisation. 

 

NEWDAY 2018


From 7-17 August 2018, the second NEWDAY - Nansen East-West Dialogue Academy took place at Nansen Academy in Lillehammer, Norway. The academy was co-organised by NIAS - Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, Nansen Academy and the Fudan-European Centre for China Studies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





Above: A group photo of this year's participants and some of the lecturers.

 

Nansen Academy was founded as a folk high school in 1938. It was named after polar explorer, scientist, author and humanist Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930), whose work embodied essential elements of humanism: active love of one’s neighbour and freedom of thought. NEWDAY is thus not only hosted physically by Nansen Academy, but also philosophically and ideologically. It embodies the spirit of the folk high school and Nansen Academy in its quest for creating understanding between cultures through dialogue between and across cultures.

This year, 22 students from China and Norway gathered at Nansen Academy to engage in cross-cultural dialogue, attend lectures, and partake in debates and panel discussions. The programme also featured several social and creative activities including musical performances, trips to local museums, and walks by the lake Mjøsa - the biggest lake of Norway.

In this year's summer academy we sought to define, dissect and discuss some of the critical cases and topical issue areas of our times: economic growth and increasing inequality, environmental degradation and climate change, quality of life, education, and modes of governance. Students were encouraged to actively voice their opinions and engage in discussions - not only with each other, but with professors and lecturers as well.
 


Each day featured lectures by prominent figures from within academia, politics, and media, and was constructed around a specific theme. This reflected not only in the daily lectures but also the group work and panel debates. The themes covered a range of different burning issues of our time, including climate change and environmental degradation, cross-cultural understanding, social trust and activism, varieties of political norms, gender, AI, educational traditions in the Nordic region and East Asia, and more.

 


Above: Some students enjoying a gike in the nearby mountains of Nansen Academy.


We have created a gallery with some of the many pictures taken during NEWDAY 2018. Follow this link and have a look: https://www.newdaylillehammer.org/photos2018

 

Lecturers

Bai Tongdong. Professor of Philosophy, Fudan University, China.
Bent Nielsen. Associate Professor, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Bjørn Bredal. Author, Journalist, Head of Borup People High School, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Dag Hareide. Former Director of Nansen Academy & Former President of the Norwegian Rainforest Organization, Norway.
Inge Eidsvaag. Former Director of Nansen Academy, Norway.
Ingunn Trosholmen. | International Advisor Oppland County & Deputy Mayor, Lillehammer, Norway.
Jane Xie. Performing Pianist, Associate Professor & Master’s Supervisor of the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, China.
Joakim Hammerlin. Philosophy Lecturer, Nansen Academy, Norway.
Kang Myungkoo. Professor, College of Social Sciences, Seoul National University, Korea.
Lau Blaxekjær. Postdoc Researcher, NIAS, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Steinar Bryn. Former Director of Nansen Academy & Senior Advisor at Nansen Peace Center, Norway.
Stig Thøgersen. Professor, School of Culture and Society, Aarhus University, Denmark.
Yang Yuliang. Member of Chinese Academy of Sciences & former President of Fudan University.

Organisers and steering committee

Chunrong Liu. Associate Professor, Fudan University, Shanghai & Co-Director, Fudan–European Centre for China. Studies, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Daniel A. Bell. Professor, Tsinghua University & Dean, Shandong University, China.
Geir Helgesen. Director, NIAS ,University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Unn Irene Aasdalen. Director of the Nansen Academy, Norway.

New SUPRA's at NIAS

Seekyung Chung, Ma, University of Tampere.

Higher Education as Choice of Individuals: An Empirical Analysis of Individuals' Behavior of Education Decision-Making in South Korea. 

For my master’s thesis I have studied on a phenomenon of higher education expansion in South Korea by exploring individuals’ decision-making behavior and I have just graduated from University of Tampere, Finland. It has been of interest to delve into rationale behind heated investment in education across South Korean society. In order to shad light on causality with respect to choice and effects of higher education, I examined relevant factors of decision on higher education based on literature concerning sociology and economics of education and furthermore investigated actual monetary and non-monetary returns to education in the labor market. Currently, I am writing a research proposal to apply for PhD position. For a doctoral study, I am keen to research further into individuals’ choice and effects of higher education by conducting comparative study between Asia and Nordic countries.

 

Mária Kubincová, Ma, University of Turku.

Media Discourses on the Collective Identity of Hikikomori.

I am currently a 2nd year MA student in East Asian Studies at CEAS, University of Turku. My research is focusing on the phenomenon called hikikomori. The term originated in Japan and refers to people of various age groups, who voluntarily isolate themselves from the society, by staying shut in (usually) in their own rooms for years, even decades. You might be familiar with this term, as it has repeatedly appeared in Japanese pop-culture. The phenomenon is now also gaining more recognition outside of Japan, most notably Italy, where numerous cases of self-isolated young people have sprung up in the recent years, bearing many similarities to cases in Japan. In my research, I want to focus on the changes in the general approach of Japanese society towards this group, as well as looking at the possibility of a collective identity beginning to form around hikikomori in Japan.

New SUPRA's at NIAS

Anne Gry Sturød, PhD, University of Southeast Norway

Tourism and Changed Relations with Nature in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan

Currently enrolled at the PhD-program in cultural studies at University of South-Eastern Norway. The main question of my PhD-project is how local perceptions and practises related to nature in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan is changing due to tourism development. More specifically I explore, in three separate papers, how perceptions and practices towards snow/coal, the horse and the mountains, is changing. The project draws upon studies of political ecology and ANT/post-humanism approaches and is based on empirical material from several research stays and extensive fieldwork in Kyrgyzstan.

 

 

Niki Sopanen, PhD, University of Helsinki

Crouching (Paper) Tiger, Hidden (Paper) Dragon, and the Clash of the Conspiratorial Turn? A Post-foundational Inquiry into Foreign Policy-related Conspiracy Theory Discourses in Sino-U.S. Relations

I am a doctoral student in political science (subprogramme: world politics) at the University of Helsinki. My doctoral dissertation looks into foreign policy-related conspiracy theory discourses in Sino-U.S. relations during the era of US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping (2017-2021). It suggests a hypothesis that there has been a conspiratorial turn in foreign policy-related discourses in both countries due to the unfolding epoch of the said two authoritarian populist-nationalist great power leaders, who harbour mutually competing global visions (e.g. OBOR and FOIP). Previously, I have already scratched the surface of Sino-U.S. conspiracy theories in my master’s thesis, which analyzed an anti-US best-seller manifesto Zhongguo keyi shuo bu (China Can say no) from the 1990s. The reason why I am interested in conspiracy theories is because they are often categorically framed as "pathologies of post-truth politics" or "dislocatory effects of (post)modern alienation and anxieties", which completely disregards their historicity, particularity and politicality. In my research work, through conceptual and contextual analysis of the conspiracy theory both in the USA and PRC, followed by self-developed heuristic for recognizing conspiratorial discourses along with four case studies, I wish to point out that conspiratorial discourses share both general and particular characteristics, and that they have always played a role within Sino-U.S. relations, international relations, and politics in general.  

Asia in Focus: Call for Papers for Issue 7 - Extended Deadline

Call for Papers for Asia in Focus, Issue 7

Asia in Focus is an entirely free open access publication devoted to research on modern Asian societies from the standpoint of the humanities and the social sciences, with Level 1 ranking in Norway. Now in its second year of publication, Asia in Focus has published an extremely wide range of subject areas from political economy and societal change, to international relations, popular culture, literature, education and film.

We operate a double-blind review process, hence the identity of the reviewers and authors are not disclosed to either party. We usually publish two issues per year and have a short turnaround time for the entire review and publishing process (6 months).

Why publish with Asia in Focus?

For students, one of the major advantages of publishing with Asia in Focus is that you receive a level of in-depth feedback on your academic writing that is rarely experienced in academia in general, and thus going through the editorial process will improve your writing skills whether you publish or not. In addition, your manuscript is expected to be only 3500 words which is far less than the vast majority of the more mainstream journals.

For lecturers, aside from the well-known benefits for your students of being a published author, Asia in Focus supplements their education through its detailed editorial process and provides them with an opportunity to develop their academic writing skills. More often than not such improvements result in higher grades as the work becomes more readable and cohesive.

Read more or download the call for papers document here.

 

Asia in Focus Issue 6 is out now!

We are pleased to share with you the latest issue of Asia in Focus!

About Issue 6

Issue 6 starts with a look at historical events from the 19th century in Japan, with John Hennessey doing a reevaluation of William Wheeler’s Work for the Kaitakushi, the Japanese government agency responsible for the settlement of the northern island of Hokkaido, through a postcolonial lens. In the second chapter, Deirdre Sneep takes us into the 20th century with an analysis of the history of the smartphone. She sheds light on the dominant techno-orientalist narrative which almost entirely overlooks the historical achievements and contribution of technologies originating in Japan. We then make a shift to look at contemporary social and institutional change. Firstly, Nhung Lu Rots’ examines how domestic and global food anxieties impact sustainable pangasius production in an analysis of the aftermath of the 2016 marine disaster in Vietnam. Secondly, we return to Japan for Christer Kold Lindholm’s analysis of economic inequality in Japan between the 1880s and the early 2000s reveals how policies designed to promote growth, which neglect redistribution, constitute a weak and disjointed approach to development in which growth may even lead to deeper socio-economic inequalities. The issue closes with Karin Hongsaton Zackari’s critical review of Tyrell Haberkorn’s In Plain Sight: Impunity and Human Rights in Thailand.

Read issue 6 here.
 

Asia in Focus is a unique open source peer reviewed journal that focuses on contemporary Asia with a strong focus on the social sciences and the humanities. The journal only publishes academic articles, academic essays and book reviews written by early career researchers (students and recent graduates following Masters and PhD programs) studying at institutes of higher education in Europe.

Pages